|12 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2020
|Segment Reporting [Abstract]
We conduct our operations through three business segments: U.S. Services, U.S. Federal Services, and Outside the U.S.
•Our U.S. Services Segment provides a variety of business process services such as program administration, appeals and assessments work and related consulting work for U.S. state and local
government programs. These services support a variety of programs, including the Affordable Care Act (ACA), Medicaid, the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP), Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF), and child support programs. In fiscal year 2020, the segment further executed on its clinical evolution strategy by expanding its clinical offerings in public health with new work in contact tracing, disease investigation, and COVID-19 response efforts. We also successfully expanded into the unemployment insurance market as Maximus supported 14 states in their unemployment insurance programs. We changed the name of our U.S. Health and Human Services to U.S. Services to recognize the evolution our service offerings into new markets and clients.
•Our U.S. Federal Services Segment provides program administration, appeals and assessments services and technology solutions, including system and software development and maintenance services, for various U.S. federal civilian programs. The segment also contains certain state-based assessments and appeals work that is part of the segment's heritage within the Medicare Appeals portfolio and continues to be managed within this segment. In fiscal year 2020, the segment expanded its clinical offerings in public health with new work supporting the Federal Government's COVID-19 response efforts. This included expanded work with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for their helpline, an outbound customer support center for the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health to notify individuals throughout the U.S. of their COVID-19 test result and IRS Wage and Investment Division response efforts to general inquiries regarding the Coronavirus Aid Relief & Economic Security (CARES) Act and Economic Impact Payment Service Plan.
•Our Outside the U.S. Segment provides business process services (BPS) solutions for governments and commercial clients in geographies beyond the U.S., including health and disability assessments, program administration for employment services and other job seeker-related services. We support programs and deliver services in the United Kingdom (U.K.), including the Health Assessment Advisory Service (HAAS), the Work & Health Programme and Fair Start; Australia, including jobactive and the Disability Employment Service; Canada, including Health Insurance British Columbia and the Employment Program of British Columbia; Italy, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea and Sweden.
Expenses that are not specifically included in the segments are included in other categories, including amortization of intangible assets, costs incurred in restructuring our U.K. business, the direct costs of acquisitions and the gain on sale of Q2 Administrators, LLC. These costs are excluded from measuring each segment's operating performance.
The results of these segments for the three years ended September 30, 2020, are shown below.
(1) During fiscal year 2020, we sold Q2 Administrators LLC, a subsidiary within our U.S. Federal Services Segment, resulting in a gain. Refer to "Note 6. Business combinations and disposals" for more details.
(2) Other selling, general and administrative expenses includes credits and costs that are not allocated to a particular segment.
(3) Restructuring costs incurred in the year ending September 30, 2018, were related to our United Kingdom businesses.
(4) Acquisition-related expenses are costs of completed business combinations as well as the costs of any unsuccessful transactions. The charges above include costs for the acquisition of the citizen engagement centers business that were incurred in fiscal years 2018 and 2019.
We operate in the United States, Australia, Canada, Italy, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.
Our revenue was distributed as follows:
Identifiable assets for the segments are shown below:
Our long-lived assets, consisting of property and equipment, capitalized software costs, operating lease right-of-use assets and deferred compensation plan assets were distributed as follows: