|6 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2021
|Business Combinations [Abstract]
On March 1, 2021, we acquired all of the Federal division of Attain, LLC for an estimated cash purchase price of $419.9 million (the "Acquisition"). The final purchase price is subject to adjustment and is expected to be finalized during our third fiscal quarter of 2021. This business is being integrated into our U.S. Federal Services Segment and is expected to strengthen our position to further design, develop, and deliver more innovative, impactful solutions and drive automation of processes to improve citizen engagement and the delivery of critical federal programs, as well as expand our presence in the U.S. federal market. To fund the acquisition, we utilized borrowings on our corporate credit facility and cash on the consolidated balance sheet. The results of operations for the Federal division of Attain, LLC are included in the consolidated results of Maximus, Inc. starting March 1, 2021.
At this time, we are in the process of finalizing our purchase price and the valuation, as of March 1, 2021, of all acquired assets and assumed liabilities and, accordingly, the balances below represent our best estimate and are subject to change:
The fair value of the goodwill is estimated to be $303.5 million. This goodwill represents the value of the assembled workforce and the enhanced knowledge, capabilities, and qualifications held by the business. This goodwill balance is expected to be deductible for tax purposes.
The fair value of the intangible assets acquired is estimated to be $105.0 million, representing customer relationships. We estimated this balance using the excess earnings method (which is a Level 3 measurement within the ASC 820 fair value hierarchy) and used a number of estimates, including expected future earnings from the acquired business and an appropriate expected rate of return. We have assumed a useful economic life of ten years, representing our expectation of the period over which we will receive the benefit. Typically, our customer relationships are based upon the provision of services to our customers on a daily or monthly basis and, although contracts are frequently rebid, we believe that an incumbent provider typically enjoys significant competitive advantages.
During the three and six months ended March 31, 2021, the acquired business contributed revenue of $19.9 million and operating income, including amortization of intangible assets, of $3.0 million.
The following table presents certain pro forma results for the three and six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, as though the acquisition had occurred on October 1, 2019. This pro forma information is presented for information purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of the results if the acquisition had taken place on that date. The pro forma results below eliminate intercompany transactions, include amortization charges for acquired intangible assets, eliminate pre-acquisition transaction costs, and include estimates of interest expense based upon our initial borrowings of $240.0 million, as well as corresponding changes in our provision for income taxes.
InjuryNet Australia Pty Limited
On February 28, 2020, we acquired 100% of the share capital of InjuryNet Australia Pty Limited (InjuryNet) for a purchase price of $4.4 million ($6.7 million Australian Dollars), which included acquisition-related contingent consideration of $2.1 million ($3.1 million Australian Dollars) based upon future earnings. InjuryNet provides workplace medical services in Australia. The business was integrated into our Outside the U.S. Segment. We have completed our assessment of all acquired assets and liabilities assumed. We recorded estimated goodwill and intangible assets of $2.6 million and $0.9 million, respectively, related to the acquisition.
Index Root Korea Co. Ltd.
On August 21, 2020, we acquired 100% of the share capital of Index Root Korea Co. Ltd (Index Root) for an estimated purchase price of $5.4 million (6.3 billion South Korean Won), which includes acquisition-related contingent consideration estimated at $0.9 million (1.1 billion South Korean Won) based upon future earnings. We acquired Index Root to expand our geographic presence to South Korea. The business was integrated into our Outside the U.S. Segment. We have completed our assessment of all acquired assets and liabilities assumed, with the exception of matters related to taxation. We recorded estimated goodwill and intangible assets of $4.6 million and $1.4 million, respectively, related to the acquisition. During the second quarter of fiscal year 2021, we noted that payment of the contingent consideration was unlikely and, accordingly, a benefit of $1.0 million was recorded within our acquisition expenses.
Changes in goodwill for the six months ended March 31, 2021, were as follows:
There have been no impairment charges to our goodwill.
The following table sets forth the components of intangible assets (in thousands):
As of March 31, 2021, our intangible assets have a weighted average remaining life of 9.2 years, comprising 9.2 years for customer contracts and relationships and 2.6 years for technology-based intangible assets. The estimated future amortization expense for the next five years for the intangible assets held by the Company as of March 31, 2021, is as follows: